Until the end of the eighteenth century, ink-making was a normal part of the printer’s job, each printer making his own ink from the materials then available, and adding the colour, consistency, and other items which experience had taught to be required for each type of printing job. About 1800, the manufacture of ink began to develop into a separate industry.

A B Fleming & Co were perhaps the best known of the Scottish ink manufacturers. The firm was established in the 1850s in Leith, later moving to Caroline Park in the Granton area, with additional premises in Corstorphine from the 1960s. At one time they also operated a factory in Dundee. The company ceased  trading in the 1980s.

Their archive, covering the years, 1869 to 1962, and including the records of B Winstone & Sons Ltd) is held in the National Records of Scotland, Edinburgh,  reference GD431.